Jason S. Miyares
Attorney General of Virginia


Human trafficking, or ‘modern slavery' is defined as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for the purposes of commercial sex acts or labor services through the use of force, fraud or coercion.

The most common forms of human trafficking are labor trafficking and sex trafficking.

  • Labor trafficking includes forced labor or involuntary servitude, bonded labor or debt bondage, and domestic servitude. This type of trafficking can occur at homes, hotels, and small labor operations to larger operations such as factories or farms.
  • Sex trafficking includes child sex trafficking and can occur with prostitution, escort services, brothels, and massage parlors, among others.

As with many crimes, trafficking exists and continues because of the demand for services and the ‘low-risk/ high-reward' mentality of the perpetrators.